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The NEET syllabus for Chemistry is as follows:

Total Units are 30 in NEET Chemistry Syllabus from both class 11th and class 12th. The Chemistry Section of NEET consists of 50 questions. NEET Chemistry consists of a total of 30 units from both 11th and 12th grade which covers 25% weightage. Some of the major questions of this section come from topics like Periodicity, p-block elements, chemical bonding and Hydrogen, carbonyl compounds, Aromatic Compounds, IUPAC Nomenclature, Electrochemistry, Ionization, Mole Concept, and so on. To score good marks in this section, candidates must follow a strict preparation plan for chemistry.

NEET Chemistry Syllabus of Class 11

Unit 1Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • General Introduction and scope of chemistry.
  • Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, Atomic and molecular masses. Laws of chemical combination,
  • Atoms and molecules, percentage composition Mole concept and molar mass; molecular and empirical formula; stoichiometry and its based calculations.
Unit 2Structure of Atom
  • Heisenberg uncertainty principle, De Broglie’s relationship, Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Concept of shells and subshells,
  • Quantum numbers,shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Pauli exclusion principles Aufbau principle, and Hund’s rule
  • Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals, the concept of orbital, electronic configuration of atoms, dual nature of matter and light.
Unit 3Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • VSEPR theory, Valence electrons, Lewis structure, covalent bond, polar character of covalent bond, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals ,ionic bond, bond parameters, resonance, geometry of molecules, shapes of some simple molecules, valence bond theory, Hydrogen bond
Unit 4Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, ionic radii, electron gain enthalpy, electronagativity, ionization enthalpy, Periodic trends in properties of elements, atomic radii, valence.
Unit 5States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  • Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Boyle’s law,Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, Avogadro number
  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, empirical derivation of gas equation, melting and boiling points, Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea),
  • Liquid State– Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule
Unit 6Thermodynamics
  • First law of thermodynamics– specific heat, measurement of U and H, internal energy and enthalpy, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, atomization, ionization, combustion, and dilution.
  • Second law of thermodynamics, Introduction of entropy as state function, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
  • Third law of thermodynamics– Brief introduction.
Unit 7Equilibrium
  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, law of chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium- Le Chatelier’s principle; ionization of acids and bases, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, Henderson equation
  • Dynamic nature of equilibrium, Hydrolysis of salts, solubility product, buffer solutions, ionic equilibrium- strong and weak electrolytes, concept of pH.
Unit 8Hydrogen
  • Preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, Occurrence, isotopes, covalent and interstitial, physical and chemical properties of water, uses and structure. heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation,
Unit 9s-Block Elements
  • Group I and group 2 elements: electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties General introduction, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties ,trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen,
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: sodium hydroxide ,Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, and biological importance of sodium and potassium.
  • Industrial use of limestone and lime, biological importance of Mg and Ca.
Unit 10Redox Reactions
  • Concept of and oxidation and reduction, balancing redox reactions
Unit 11Some p-Block Elements
  • Introduction to p-Block Elements.
  • Group 13 and 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity,
  • Group 13: Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
  • Group 14 Elements: uses of some important compounds: oxides. Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.
Unit 12Hydrocarbons
  • Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations ,mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Alkanes-Nomenclature, the structure of double bond (ethene), methods of preparation: chemical reactions: halogen, ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect).
  • Alkynes-Nomenclature, the structure of triple bond (ethyne), methods of preparation, physical properties, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, halogens, addition reaction of- hydrogen, hydrogen halides, and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons– Introduction, Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; IUPAC nomenclature; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- halogenation, Nitration sulphonation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Unit 13Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  • General introduction: classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis.
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: carbocations, free radicals, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: electromeric effect, hyperconjugation, resonance, and inductive effect.
Unit 14Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Air, water, and soil pollution, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, effects of depletion of the ozone layer, strategy for control of environmental pollution, chemical reactions in the atmosphere.

NEET Chemistry Syllabus of Class 12

Units of Class 12th ChemistryTopics 
Unit 1Solid State
  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; ionic covalent, molecular, and metallic solids, amorphous, unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, electrical and magnetic properties, packing in solids, calculation of density of unit cell, packing efficiency, point defects, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, voids, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
Unit 2Solutions
  • Types of solutions, solubility of gases in liquids, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solid solutions.
  • Colligative properties– relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, Raoult’s law, Van Hoff factor.determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass.
Unit 3Electrochemistry
  • Laws of electrolysis, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis, Redox reactions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration.
  • Dry cell– electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells
Unit 4Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of a reaction ,factors affecting rates of reaction, order and molecularity of a reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life ,concept of collision theory ,Activation energy, Arrhenious equation
Unit 5General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Principles and methods of extraction: reduction electrolytic method and refining; oxidation, concentration, occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, iron, zinc and copper.
Unit 6Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids,
  • Tyndall effect, coagulation; Brownian movement, emulsions- types of emulsions, electrophoresis, colloidal state: properties of colloids; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids.
Unit 7p- Block Elements
  • Group 15 elements: General introduction, occurrence, electronic configuration, oxidation states, preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, trends in physical and chemical properties; oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; preparation and properties of phosphine, compounds of phosphorous: halides (PCI3, PCI5)
  • Group 16 elements: General introduction, oxidation states, occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation, dioxygen: properties and uses; ozone ,classification of oxides. Sulphur – allotropic forms; preparation, preparation, compounds of sulphur: uses and properties of sulphur dioxide
  • Group 17 elements: General introduction, oxidation states, occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, uses and properties of chlorine and hydrochloric acid.
  • Group 18 elements: General introduction, occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in physical and chemical properties and uses of some important compounds.
Unit 8d and f Block Elements
  • General introduction, , characteristics of transition metals, electronic configuration general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, metallic character, ionic radii, catalytic property, colour, magnetic properties, alloy formation interstitial compounds. Preparation and properties of KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7
  • Lanthanoids– electronic configuration, chemical reactivity, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states.
Unit 9Coordination Compounds
  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, coordination number, ligands, colour, magnetic shape and properties ,IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding.
Unit 10Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, nature of C –X bond, Optical rotation ,mechanism of substitution reactions.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions .Uses and environment effects of –trichloromethane, dichloromethane, iodoform, tetrachloromethane, DDT, freons,
Unit 11Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, identification of secondary, primary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration and uses of methanol and ethanol.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, electrophilic substitution reactions, acidic nature of phenol, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties uses ,methods of preparation.
Unit 12Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, nature of carbonyl group, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, nucleophilic addition.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties acidic nature; uses
Unit 13Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Amines: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, classification, structure, uses, physical and chemical properties, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation Method, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
Unit 14Biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates- Classification, monosaccharide, D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides importance. Vitamins and their Classification and function.
  • Proteins– Elementary introduction of – amino acids, polypeptides, peptide bond, proteins, secondary structure, primary structure,tertiary structure and quaternary structure, denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones– Elementary idea
  • Nucleic Acids: Deoxyribonucleic acid and Rino nucleic Acid.
Unit 15Polymers
  • Classification– Natural and synthetic, copolymerization, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation).
  • Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, rubber, bakelite; Non- Biodegradable and Biodegradable polymers.
Unit 16Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemicals in medicines– tranquilizers, analgesics, antiseptics, antimicrobials, disinfectants, antifertility drugs, antacids, antibiotics, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food– preservatives, elementary idea of antioxidants, artificial sweetening agents,
  • Cleansing agents– detergents and soaps, cleansing action.
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